Roofing 101

Impact Roofing is here to help you for all of your roofing needs.

Whether you need a new roof, re-roof or roof repair, we have 25+ years experience. We are a licensed general contractor. If a serious problem arises deeper than your roof, we are able to evaluate and correct a structural issue too. We only choose the highest quality materials for your roof and strive to give you a great contractor experience.

Roofing Terminology

Square

One square is equal to 100 square feet. Examples where the unit is used are roofing shingles, metal roofing, vinyl siding, and fiber-cement siding products.

Flashing

Flashing is usually aluminum or galvanized steel that’s used over joints in roof and wall construction to prevent water seeping in and causing damage.

Valley

A depression or hollow resembling or suggesting a valley, as the point at which the two slopes of a roof meet.

HIP

A hip roof, hiproof or hipped roof, is a type of roof where all sides slope downwards to the walls, usually with a fairly gentle slope (although a tented roof by definition is a hipped roof with steeply pitched slopes rising to a peak).

Ridge

The ridge of a sloped roof system is the horizontal top area where two sloped roof areas meet. The National Roofing Contractors Association defines ridge as “Highest point on a roof, represented by a horizontal line where two roof areas intersect, running the length of the area.”

Gable

A gable is the generally triangular portion of a wall between the edges of intersecting roof pitches.

The pictures below demonstrate damaged shingles that need repair or replacement

(1) Curled (2) Cracking (3) Missing Granules (4) Aging

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