Roofing 101

Impact Roofing is here to help you for all of your roofing needs.

Whether you need a new roof, re-roof or roof repair, we have 25+ years experience. We are a licensed general contractor. If a serious problem arises deeper than your roof, we are able to evaluate and correct a structural issue too. We only choose the highest quality materials for your roof and strive to give you a great contractor experience.

Signs that you may need to replace your roof

  1. Possible Hail Damage: Excessive granules in or near your downspouts and gutters.
  2. Cracked Curling Shingles Venerable to wind and water damage.
  3. Moss growing on the roof: Can get between shingles and weaken them.
  4. Missing Shingles: You might find them in your yard.
  5. Dark spots on the roof: Signal that shingles are old and not fully protective anymore.
  6. Water spots in the attic: Could indicate a variety of roofing problems, includin

Sometimes a roof can naturally reach the end of its useful life without experiencing a roof failure. It just looks old and worn, and you are doing preventive maintenance on your home. If replacing an old roof is delayed, however, it could result in bigger problems down the road. So watch for the warning signs to be sure to give yourself plenty of time to add the project to your TO DO list.

Potential signs that your roof may need to be replaced:

  • Shingle edges are curled or shingle tabs are cupped
  • Bald spots where granules are missing
  • Cracked shingles
  • Your roof is at least 20 years old; while many shingles today are produced for durability, many factors can accelerate the aging of shingles. For example, if your roof is not properly ventilated, it can negatively impact your shingles
  • Neighbors are getting new roofs. Homes built around the same time period can experiencing the same types of weather conditions can mean that your roof is nearing its useful life
  • The roof just looks old and worn
  • Dark streaks. Airborne algae cause dark streaks on roof decks. While this may not necessarily harm the roof shingles, it may not look good. Algae streaks can be removed using a 50:50 blend of water and bleach sprayed on your roof. It is important to use a low volume garden hose so you do not knock the protective granules off your shingles. It is also important that you protect your landscaping from the bleach run-off.


The pictures below demonstrate damaged shingles that need repair or replacement

(1) Curled (2) Cracking (3) Missing Granules (4) Aging


Roofing Terminology


One square is equal to 100 square feet. Examples where the unit is used are roofing shingles, metal roofing, vinyl siding, and fiber-cement siding products.


Flashing is usually aluminum or galvanized steel that’s used over joints in roof and wall construction to prevent water seeping in and causing damage.


A depression or hollow resembling or suggesting a valley, as the point at which the two slopes of a roof meet.


A hip roof, hiproof or hipped roof, is a type of roof where all sides slope downwards to the walls, usually with a fairly gentle slope (although a tented roof by definition is a hipped roof with steeply pitched slopes rising to a peak).


The ridge of a sloped roof system is the horizontal top area where two sloped roof areas meet. The National Roofing Contractors Association defines ridge as “Highest point on a roof, represented by a horizontal line where two roof areas intersect, running the length of the area.”


A gable is the generally triangular portion of a wall between the edges of intersecting roof pitches.

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We are Licensed as a Class C, General Contractor

Impact Roofing is a Licensed General Contractor & Construction Consulting Company

What that means to you is “Peace of Mind” knowing that your roofing, gutters or exterior projects are completely correctly. There is a lot that goes into being a licensed general contractor: education, testing, finances and much more. When you choose to have a licensed general contractor (GC) do your exterior projects, you can rest assured that your project will be done right and up to all city and state licensing codes.

Impact Roofing is a licensed General Contractor and we provide consulting services as well. Because Impact Roofing is a licensed general contractor, we are also a full construction consulting company for your insurance claim, new renovation or new build project. We have been managing construction development projects for our clients for many years. Impact Roofing can be your eyes and ears on your project and we frequently serve in a consulting role for many of our clients acting as a adviser or oversight consultant. We can be a full-service project manager for all of your projects, or on a more limited scope.


General Contractor (GC) Defined per Wikipedia

The general contractor is a manager, and possibly a tradesman, employed by the client on the advice of the architect, engineer or the architectural technologist or the client him/herself if acting as the manager. A general contractor is responsible for the overall coordination of a project.[3] A general contractor must first assess the project-specific documents (referred to as bid, proposal or tender documents). In the case of renovations, a site visit is required to get a better understanding of the project. Depending on the project delivery method, the contractor will submit a fixed price proposal or bid, cost plus price or an estimate. The general contractor considers the cost of home office overhead, general conditions, materials and equipment as well as the cost of labor to provide the owner with a price for the project.

Contract documents include drawings, project manual (including general, supplementary and/or special conditions and specifications), addendum or modifications issued prior to proposal/ bidding and prepared by a design professional such as an architect. The general contractor may be the construction manager or construction manager at high risk

A general contractor is responsible for providing all of the material, labor, equipment (such as engineering vehicles and tools) and services necessary for the construction of the project. The general contractor hires specialized subcontractors to perform all or portions of the construction work.

Responsibilities may include applying for building permits, advising the person they are hired by, securing the property, providing temporary utilities on site, managing personnel on site, providing site surveying and engineering, disposing or recycling of construction waste, monitoring schedules and cash flows, and maintaining accurate records.[4]

Licensing Requirements
Licensing requirements to work legally on construction projects vary from locale to locale. In the United States, it is the states’ responsibility to define these requirements. For example, in the state of California, the requirements are stated as follows:[5]

“With a few exceptions, all businesses or individuals who work on any building, highway, road, parking facility, railroad, excavation, or other structure in California must be licensed by the California Contractors State License Board (CSLB) if the total cost of one or more contracts on the project is $500 or more.”

In every state, a surety bond is required as part of the licensing process.

Licensing qualifications
There are no set educational qualifications to become a general contractor, though many employers prefer a bachelor’s degree. Some general contractors obtain bachelor’s degrees in construction science, building science, surveying, construction safety, or other disciplines.[6]

General contractors often start out as construction workers. While gaining work experience, they learn about different aspects of construction, including masonry, carpentry, framing, and plumbing. Aspiring general contractors communicate with subcontractors and may learn the management skills they need to run their own company.

Experience in the construction industry as well as references from customers, business partners, or former employers are demanded. Some jurisdictions require candidates to provide proof of financing to own their own general contracting firm.

General contractors often run their own business. They hire subcontractors to complete specialized construction work and may manage a team of plumbers, electricians, builders, carpenters and other specialists. General contractors build their business by networking with potential clients, buying basic construction tools, and ensuring that their subcontractors complete high-quality work. General contractors don’t usually complete much construction work themselves, but they need to be familiar with construction techniques so they can manage workers effectively.

Davies, Nikolas, and Erkki Jokiniemi. Architect’s illustrated pocket dictionary. Oxford: Architectural Press, 2011. 289. Print.
Jump up ^ Hendrickson, Chris. & Au, Tung (2000). The Design and Construction Process. Project Management for Construction: Fundamental Concepts for Owners, Engineers, Architects and Builders. (Chapter 3)
Jump up ^ Shekhar, R. K.. Academic dictionary of architecture. Delhi: Isha Books, 2005. 69. Print.
Jump up ^ Allen, Edward, & Iano Joseph (2009). Fundamentals of Building Construction Materials and Methods. 5th ed. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons.
Jump up ^ “California Contractors License”. Craftsman Book Company. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
Jump up ^ “General Contractor License”.
Jump up ^ Wood, Hannah (8 February 2012). “Why Do Companies Hire Contractors?”. TH Services. Retrieved 11 March 2012.

Read full Wikipedia definition

7 Tips to Finding and Hiring a Roofing Contractor



With the crazy hail storm we had July 28, 2016, the number of homes affected with damage were in the range of 300,000- the last I checked. There are many Roofing Contractors coming from other states that are not licensed or insured in the state of Colorado. If you suspect a scam, or have been approached by one of these companies. don’t panic, give us a call at 719-464-8876. We are a licensed general contractor that’s local and specializes in working with insurance company claims.

We believe your roof is more important they what you probably think it is, and you should hire a professional Roofing Contractor. We have listed 7 things below you should look for in a legitimate Roofing Contractor. Do not hire anyone unless they meet the qualifications below.

  • They should be licensed and insured. This is a state law and it protects and covers any accidents or damage to your property during the project.
  • Provide you with a list of references. References are important so that you know they are professional and will do a good job.
  • They should have the necessary certification to install the manufactures products. An example would be that Impact Roofing is a preferred contractor of Owens Corning. We have the certifications from Owens Corning to use and install their product.
  • You should receive a detailed estimate/proposal of the work to be done on your roof. It should cover the process, all costs and estimated time of completion.
  • You should receive both a manufactures warranty of the products they are using plus a workmanship warranty. These warranties give you peace of mind knowing that if anything goes wrong with the products or the installation process you will have no additional expenses.
  • Your roofing contractor should be in good standing with your local Better Business Bureau.
  • Make sure you are working with a local company.

Impact Roofing is a licensed General Contractor and we provide consulting services as well. Because Impact Roofing is a licensed general contractor, we are also a full construction consulting company for your insurance claim, new renovation or new build project. We have been managing construction development projects for our clients for many years. Impact Roofing can be your eyes and ears on your project and we frequently serve in a consulting role for many of our clients acting as a adviser or oversight consultant. We can be a full-service project manager for all of your projects, or on a more limited scope.




Helps Create a Water-Proof Barrier

Underlayment is the first line of defense for your roof. It helps to shed water off of the roof deck and away from your home.Block water resulting from ice damming, wind-driven rains and normal water flow. A properly sealed roof helps prevent rot and mold.

Ice & Water Barriers

Designed to protect the roof where water tends to collect, including valleys, vents, chimneys and skylights.


Underlayment products are the final line of defense between the home and the elements. Underlayment products
help block water from the roof deck and out of the home to help prevent rot, mold, and water damage.

Helps Protect Against Nature’s Elements

Add a tough, yet beautiful layer of defense with strong adhesion that resists blow offs and helps shed water away from the roof deck.
Helps protect the most vulnerable areas such as eaves and peaks.

Owens Corning Starter Shingles provide a secure seal of protection on the first row of shingles, along the eaves.Starter Strip Plus Shingle helps save time by eliminating the need to cut shingles to create a starter row. Starter Strip Plus Shingle is packaged two pieces per shingle, and perforated down the center for easy separation.

Owens Corning® roofing shingles do more than just protect your home from the elements. They boast a wide selection of color blends and styles that help bring out the true beauty in your home.

Hip and Ridge shingles add an attractive, finished look to your roof’s ridgeline while protecting against the weather.

Optimize Airflow In Your Attic

Reduce heat and moisture buildup that can lead to ice damming, roof deterioration and mold infestation.Helps air flow through the attic to manage temperature and moisture.

Intake Ventilation

When used with the proper exhaust ventilation, intake ventilation products help replace the warm, humid air in your attic with cool, dry air to help protect the interior components of your roof system from heat and moisture damage. They also help keep the attic temperature closer to the outside temperature to help eliminate problems such as ice damming, which can cause premature shingle deterioration.

Exhaust Ventilation

Exhaust ventilation helps draw air out of the attic, protecting the roofing system from heat and moisture damage. Optimally designed to work together with our VentSure® intake ventilation products, they help create a balanced flow where warm, humid air is continuously replaced by cool, dry air.


The Total Roofing System


Helps Create a Water-Proof Barrier


Helps Protect Against Nature’s Elements


Optimize Airflow in your Attic

Owens Corning™ Roofing Video: Owens Corning WeatherLock Ice & Water Barrier
Owens Corning™ Roofing Video: Owens Corning Hip & Ridge Shingles
Owens Corning™ Roofing Video: Owens Corning Roofing Essentials Accessory System

Call today for a No Obligation, Free Estimate. 719-464-8876

We are here to answer any questions you may have. We are your neighbors!

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